Medical and related therapies for inner ear disorders Acute inner ear disorders (sudden hearing loss or vertigo) can be treated by different drugs which are frequently applied intravenously. Slowly progressing hearing loss or tinnitus have to be carefully diagnosed before the onset of therapy. There are hearing aids, drug therpy regimes or behavioural therpy approaches applicable. Chronic vertigo (or dizziness, particularly in elderly patients) can be well treated by drugs, specific neurofeedback training programs or positional manouevers (e.g. in benign positional vertigo). Posttraumatic inner ear disorders (after blunt trauma of the head or "whiplash" inujury) require special diagnostic and therapeutic efforts which may include surgery.
Medical therapy for disorders of the nose (incl. allergy) A „blocked nose" due to mucosal swelling is frequently the result of a nasal hyperreactivity or a genuine allergic reaction. After (or in addition to ) surgery, a local treatment of the nose is required. Several treatment options are available for the special needs of the diseased nasal mucosa (incl. nasal lavage, a sequential drug treatment scheme, allergy treatment).
Therapy of dysphagia Dyphagia (swallowing disorders) is easily treated by drugs in case of a laryngo-pharyngeal reflux. Severe types - e.g., after cerebral haemorrhage or head trauma - can be successfully treated by a swallowing training (FEES) which helps to prevent the occurrence of lethal complications in those patients, e.g. pneumonia.
Therapy after blunt head trauma and whiplash-type of injury Blunt trauma of the head and neck or whiplash-type of injury can lead to long-term disability with tinnitus, hearing loss, vertigo, pain, paraesthesia of the arms, and a limited moveability of head, neck & shoulders. A combined therapy with drug therapy, neurofeedback, behavioural therapy ("coaching") and a specialized physical therapy leads to a normalization of everyday activity in the majority of the patients.